|Injuries to growth plates||A growth plate is an area in developing tissue at the ends of the long bones where growth takes place in children and adolescents.||Acute injury due to impact||Any long bone in the body||Sports in which high impact is possible for example contact sports .|
|Apophysitis (inflammation of the apophysis)||Apophysis is a part of the skeleton that constitutes the attachments of tendons, ligaments or muscles.||Overuse injury||Knee cap tendon that attaches to the lower leg bone (tibia) – Osgood-Schlatter’s disease
Achilles tendon that attaches to the heel (calcaneus) – sever’s disease
|Sports that require a great deal of jumping and bending of the knees such as soccer, long jump, and high jump|
|Greenstick fracture or break||A greenstick fracture is an incomplete break in a bone. The name is derived from the similarity of such fractures to the break in a green twig taken from a tree.||Acute injury||Any long bone in the body e.g. radius and ulna which are the bones of the forearm|
|Osteochondrosis (articular cartilage and bone that has been damaged breaks away and can become free, moving inside the joint)||Articular cartilage is found at the end of bones in joints and allows smooth movement.||Unknown||Hip (head of long bone of the upper leg) – Perthes’ disease||Not applicable|
1. Brukner, P. and Khan, K. (2009). Clinical sports medicine (3rd ed.). Sydney: McGraw-Hill.
2. Peterson, L. and Renström, P. (2001). Sports injuries: Their prevention and treatment (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
3. Prentice, W.E. (2010). Essentials of athletic injury management (8th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.